MasterFile’s Evidence Cruncher … Your service bureau in a box!

eDiscovery processing, native and image PDF conversion, OCR, near duplicate processing, native, TIFF and PDF production, briefcases, Bates stamping and more

The MasterFile Evidence Cruncher is your affordable Service Bureau in a Box — just add scanner!

As part of its standard features MasterFile lets you:

  • load scanned or electronic documents, work product and e-mail in bulk, either in the document’s native format, in PDF, or both, with or without OCR,
  • load text from PDF files for indexing and making extracts,
  • print PDF documents “as is”,
  • produce documents for disclosure in native format either as MasterFile briefcases, creating a permanent archive as well, or as individual files, and
  • maintain production and disclosure history of each document disclosed in native format.

Adding the Evidence Cruncher lets you also:

  • OCR, full text index and convert scanned paper documents into searchable PDF — a process we call “crunching”. You can open these in Acrobat or any PDF viewer.
  • Convert native documents from applications like Word, Excel, Outlook, Lotus Notes and/or Notes databases, etc. into PDF format. Over 100 document formats are supported. Both native and PDF versions are retained in the case database.
  • Organize near-duplicate documents. Since research shows that 30-50% of documents and e-mails are duplicates or near-duplicates, detecting these dramatically cuts document review time — even for smaller document sets —
    making near duplicate review affordable for small and solo practices.
  • Streamline document production and Bates stamp documents for discovery or disclosure. Produced documents are maintained in permanent archives, complete with Bates page numbers and stamped information, for subsequent reproduction in whole or in part. The disclosure history of each document is also maintained. Production can be either TIF, PDF or native format.

The Evidence Cruncher is a powerful tool which can handle high volumes of OCR and PDF conversion — up to several thousand per day on dedicated computers — and production. Like a photocopier, one per workgroup of 3 – 10 users is usually sufficient.

OCR and convert virtually any image document into searchable PDF.

In litigation, where the outcome of a case can rest on a single document, OCR accuracy is critical because even small errors in a key word or phrase may prevent that document being found when searching the database. You can’t afford to miss documents.

MasterFile’s Evidence Cruncher uses the most accurate OCR technology available today and we believe that after reviewing the OCR comparisons below, you’ll agree you can’t do without its OCR quality in your office. And what’s more, it’s the most affordable OCR solution integrated with a litigation support tool you’ll find.

As no OCR technology is perfect, a few errors may still creep in even when the scanned document is a clean and clear copy. To deal with most of these situations, MasterFile provides fuzzy searching which allows for slight differences between your search terms and the text due to OCR errors, spelling, word variations, etc. For example, below, the search term “metallurgy” still matched “metalurgical” despite the misspelling.

Compare OCR accuracy from the Evidence Cruncher to other OCR software

While some use Adobe Acrobat’s OCR, its accuracy leaves much to be desired. Here’s what PC Magazine said about Adobe Acrobat 9 OCR:

Although Adobe Acrobat 9 Pro Extended isn’t meant to be an OCR application — and we’d certainly never recommend it specifically for that use — it does include a limited capability to do OCR. The feature could use considerable improvement … Acrobat simply refuses to perform OCR on images of old newspaper articles created by many standard on-line databases widely used in the legal and academic worlds. … The resulting OCR output was dismayingly bad with dozens of the old-newspaper images I tested. In some instances, only one word in twenty came out entirely right… — PC Magazine

Real world results

Below are random images that illustrate real world OCR results from the Evidence Cruncher compared to Acrobat and other OCR software.

Click on a thumbnail to view the full image. You can also download the samples for yourself here.

1. Average quality #1 — original


Acrobat
 
11) AUDIO CASSETTES: The
N~ght~ngale-ConanFt oundation produces
and d15trrbutes the majorrty of the excellent
tape ~ tavsail able.
a) T e Ps~cholog~o f Achievement/
Phoenlx
Seminar – Brian Tracy
b) The Excellence Challenge – Tom Peters
c) What They Don’t Teach you at Harvard
Bus~nessS chool – Mark McCormack
d) P ~ ~ c h o l oogf ~W inning – Dr. Denis
Wa~tley
e) Peak Performance – Dr. CharlesGarfield
O
Any Earl Nightingale Tapes
111) SEMINARS AND SPEAKERS: All
truly successful people share their knowledge
and how they succeeded If you have
the opportunity to attend a semlnar by any of
the following, make the time. The fees
charged should not be viewed as an expense
but rather as an investment in yourself.
a) Br1a1-1T racy e) Joe Cossman
b) KoP K o ~ m e ~ e r 0 Wayne Dyer
C) Kenneth Blanchard g) Tom Peters
d) Den~s Waltley
Outjlde
of readlng, Ilsten~ng to audioca\
settcs
and attending seminars, you can
help yourself by some very simple
techn~ques.
1 Repeat to yourself – I l~kem yself, I like
myself, 1 l~ke myself. I l~ke myself,
every tlme you get down or depressed.
‘The qulcker you repeat ~t and more often
you repeat ~ t ,th e quicker your selfesteem
rises.
2 ~soc’latew lth others who des~res uccess.
The associat~on wlth negative
people will only make you negative.
Become familiar with the Master Mind
Pr~nc~pleR.e member “If you associate
wlth turkeys, it’s hard to fly with the
eagles”
3. Rev~ew your written goals daily. Make
your goals for 30days, 90 days, 1 year, 2
years, and 3 years. Make them reasona-
Evidence Cruncher

]ii) AUDIO CASSETTES: The
Nightingale-Conant Foundation produces
and distributes the majority of the excellent
tape sets available.
a) <Trie Psychology of Achievement/
Phoenix Seminar – Brian Tracy
b) The Excellence Challenge – Tom Peters
c) What They Don’t Teach you at Harvard
Business School – Mark McCormack
d) Psychology of Winning – Dr. Denis
Waitley
e) Peak Performance – Dr. Charles Garfield
f) Any Earl Nightingale Tapes
iii) SEMINARS AND SPEAKERS: All
truly successful people share their knowledge
and how they succeeded. If you have
the opportunity to attend a seminar by any of
the following, make the time. The fees
charged should not be viewed as an expense
but rather as an investment in yourself.
a) Brian Tracy e) Joe Cossman
b) Kop Kopmeyer f) Wayne Dyer
c) Kenneth Blanchard g) Tom Peters
d) Denis Waitley
Outside of reading, listening to audiocassettes
and attending seminars, you can
help yourself by some very simple
techniques.
1. Repeat to yourself – I like myself, I like
myself, I like myself, I like myself,
every time you get down or depressed.
The quicker you repeat it and more often
you repeat it, the quicker your selfesteem
rises.
2. Associate with others who desire success.
The association with negative
people will only make you negative.
Become familiar with the Master Mind
Principle. Remember “If you associate
with turkeys, it’s hard to fly with the
eagles”.
3. Review your written goals daily. Make
your goals for 30 days, 90 days, 1 year, 2
years, and 3 years. Make them reasona-

2. Average quality #2 -- original


Acrobat

— missing line —
— missing line —
the banking firm, tho only partners interested
in the monies secured by this mortgage
were Robert Bower and James Hall.
Froill 1854 to 1855 Mr. Crosskill kept
two distinct accounts with the banli : the
old account, which was opened in lS2S,’ in
respect of the foundry business, which,
illstead of ” Crossl;ill’s,” mas called ” The
GeneralA4ccount,”a nd anew account, opened
in 1852, vhich related to the business of
a miller, was called ” The 312.l Account.”
Both these accounts were overdrawn on the
24th of January 1855, and upon each there
vas a large balance due, which the bank
had for some time pressed him to reduce.
Time however was asked for payment, on
the c)ften-repeated ground that Mr. Crosskill’s
property principally consisted of st,ocI<- I -trade, real property, patent rights, and
s share and interest in a company or
~rtnershipc alled the Hamburgh Gas Com- b pany, none of which could be immediately
realized, except at a gent sacrifice. The
bnlarlces however increased.
On the 24th of January 1855 Mr. Cross-
];ill
, on request, attended the banking finn
at their half-yearly meeting. Two deeds
were then placed before him, which hc
011
the evnning of that day executed.
The first of these deeds was dated the
331.~o1f January 1555, by which Mr. Crosskill
conveyed certain freehold property,
n~ithth e appurtennnces and machinery, and
all other his real estates (Subject to certain
mortgages), and also a leasehold field, unto
Robert Eower, James Hall and Thomas
Ellery Turner absolutelj:, upon trust to sell
or mortgage the same; and after paying
the incumbrances on the prenlises, to pay
the surplus to Mr. Crosskill.
The second deed mas dated the 24th of
January 1S.5.5 ; it was made between 3.h.
Crosskill of the first part, R; Bower,
J. Hall alld T. E. Turner of the second
pnrt, :~nd the scheduled creditors of i\Ir.
Crosskill of the third part. It recited the
intciition that all 31r. Crossldl’s rcnl and
r~crsoiial estate should be conveg-$d aid
:~ssigned
to and vested in the trustees on
tlle trusts ~~fterwarddse clared. It recited
the pre~ious coin-eyance, the right of Ifr.
Crossl;ill to certain letters patent wl~ch,
together vith all the rest of 3Ir. i’ross1;ill:s
l)roljcl.ty
, were nssig~led by this iiltlenture
to the l)nl.t,ies a rf tl:c secoi~ci p:~~.t,. T~IC
indenture then declared that the trustees,
the parties thereto of ‘the second pal*,
should stand possessed of the property,
upon trust to pay the expenses and the
debts ; and after payment and satisfaction
of the same, then upon trust that the said
trustees or trustee for the time bei1.g
should apply all the money which should
be received under or by tirtue ofithe trusts
thereinbefore declared in payment af all
the debts and sums of money owing by the
plaintiff to such of the creditors as should
hare esecuted the indenture, or signified
their consent thereto within six calendar
months from the day of the date thereof,
rateably, and then to pay the residue, if any,
to the plaintiff. And it was declared that
the trustees might in their or his uncontrolled
discretion continue to carry on for
any length of time, either in their own names
or in the name of the said plaintiff, or in the
name or names of any other person or persons,
so far as they lawfully might, as they
should think best, all or ally of the businesses
or trades which lie, the plainti& had
theretofore carried on, either at Beverley
or elsewhere, and might lay out any trust
monies in erecting on part of the lands
thereby panted any buildings or workshops
for more conveniently carrying on any of
the businesses or trades then exercised or
carried on by him, and might buy any
goods on credit or for ready money, and
might give cheques and drafts. And it was
further pro-Fided, that the trustees “might
from time to time pay all expenses incident
to carrying on such trades and businesses
out of the trust-monies aud premises, or
from time to time borrow at interest, and
with or without any secr&ty, from any
bankers or other personk, any sums of money
vhich the said trustees or trustee might
think proper for the purpose of carrying
on the ‘ said businesses, or paying creditors
in part or in full, or for any of the
purposes of the trusts or powers therein
contained, and without the said trustees or
trmtee being in any manner liable or accountable
for or by reason of nay pecuniary
or other loss or injury which might happen
to the 1)l:~iutiff or any of his creditors
thereby.” It was also prorided. that it
should be lnn~ful for the trustees to make
:trrnngemcnt.;; and to enter into corcizants
nnil m:lke pnynents
for the llnrpose of

Evidence Cruncher
 
]VOL. 32.] MICHAELMAS 18G2 TO MICHAELMAS 18G3. 541
the banking firm, the only partners interested
in the monies secured by this mortgage
were Robert Bower and James Hall.
From 1852 to 1S55 Mr. Crosskill kept
two distinct accounts with the bank: the
old account, which was opened in 1828, in
respect of the foundry business, which, •
instead of ” Crosskill’s,” was called “The
General Account,” and anew account, opened
in 1852, which related to the business of
a miller, was called “The Mill Account.”
Both these accounts were overdrawn on the
24th of January 1855, and upon each there
was a large balance due, which the bank
had for some time pressed him to reduce.
Time however was asked for payment, on
the often-repeated ground that Mr. Crosskill’s
property principally consisted ofstockifc
trade, real property, patent rights, and
cRMs share and interest in a company or
partnership called the Hamburgh Gas Company,
none of which could be immediately
realized, except at a great sacrifice. The
balances however increased.
On the 24th of January 1855 Mr. Crosskill,
on request, attended the banking firm
at their half-yearly meeting. Two deeds
were then placed before him, which he
on the evnning of that day executed.
The first of these deeds was dated the
23rd of January 1855, by which Mr. Crosskill
conveyed certain freehold property,
with the appurtenances and machinery, and
all other his real estates (subject to certain
mortgages), and also a leasehold field, unto
R.obert Bower, James Hall and Thomas
Ellery Turner absolutely, upon trust to sell
or mortgage the same, and after paying
the incumbrances on the premises, to pay
the surplus to Mr. CrosskilL
The second deed was dated the 24th of
January 1855; it was made between Mr.
Crosskill of the first part, R. Bower,
J. Hall and T. E. Turner of the second
part, and the scheduled creditors of Mr.
Crosskill of the third part. It recited the
intention that all Mr. Crosskill’s real and
personal estate should be conveyed and
assigned to and vested in the trustees on
the trusts afterwards declared. It recited
the previous conveyance, the right of Mr.
Crosskill to certain letters patent which,
together with all the rest of Mr. Crosskill’s
property, were assigned by this indenture
to the parties nf the second parr. The
indenture then declared that the trustees,
the parties thereto of’ the second part,
should stand possessed of the property,
upon trust to pay the expenses and the
debts; and after payment and satisfaction
of the same, then upon trust that the said
trustees or trustee for the time being
should apply all the money which should
be received under or by virtue of-the trusts
thereinbefore declared in payment of all
the debts and sums of money owing by the
plaintiff to such of the creditors as should
have executed the indenture, or signified
their consent thereto within six calendar
months from the day of the date thereof,
rateably, and then to pay the residue, if any,
to the plaintiff. And it was declared that
the trustees might in their or his uncontrolled
discretion continue to carry on for
any length of time, either in their own names
or in the name of the said plaintiff, or in the
name or names of any other person or persons,
so far as they lawfully might, as they
should think best, all or any of the businesses
or trades which he, the plaintiff, had
theretofore carried on, either at Beverley
or elsewhere, and might lay out any trust
monies in erecting on part of the lands
thereby granted any buildings or workshops
for more conveniently carrying on any of
the businesses or trades then exercised or
carried on “by him, and might buy any
goods on credit or for ready money, and
might give cheques and drafts. And it was
further provided, that the trustees ” might
from time to time pay all expenses incident
to carrying on such trades and businesses
out of the trust-monies and premises, or
from time to time borrow at interest, and
with or without any security, from any
bankers or other persons, any sums of money
which the said trustees or trustee might
think proper for the purpose of carrying
on the’ said businesses, or paying creditors
in part or in full or for any of the
purposes of the trusts or powers therein
contained, and without the said trustees or
trustee being in any manner liable or accountable
for or by reason of any pecuniary
or other loss or injury which might happen
to the plaintiff or any of his creditors
thereby.” It was also provided. that it
should be lawful for the trustees to make
arrangements and to enter into covenants
and make payments for the purpose of

3. Poor quality #1 -- two column original


Acrobat

— missing line — sioned. They were neither doting pr
— missing line –..cnts who couldn’t let go nor angry ra,
— missing line — cals, sacrificing their children lo tht

table in the little town of Pontiac, Illi- politics, nor religious zealots nor n c :
nols
, reading Gone Wlth the Wind to bigots. Instead, I found intelligent, sc
Dawn. 12, and Nathan, I I? sible people who ha,
Why is Melissa Brooks sit- thought a great deal atlo
ting
on the twenty-fourth the process wecall “CJIJ~
floor of a city high rise mak- tion,” and whodo not tlii,
ing
an Indian, sled out of the schools are doinga ve
,twigs and rope with her P good job. They cite so’
year-old son, Brad? And obstacles and failings as.
Why i s Dorothy Werner on her way intknse competition .
to a’museum with Josh. 16. Ethan .every aspect of school life;
12, and Timothy, 3, in tow? rigid schedules that don’t lea\.
The answer: They are all home time for kids to pursue their i.7
gchoolcrssome
of the estimated interests; .,’ , .
hndreds
of thousands of parents Insistence on conformity ih;
who’ve decided to teach their chil-  drains initiative; ,.
dren
themselves. Their reasons are var- the practice of grouping’children a(
led
. but they are united in one belief: cording to test scores;
There’s a better way for children to failure to teach children how to ::,;.*
learn than in thebig red h;lsk building forthemselves; , .p
down the block .relentless wer ~ressure.
As the mother of a 9-year-old daugh- Some of tliese &nts are crusaders
ter
. I find them fascinating. I am ovcr- What’s it like to teach a child but many mom puzzled 1,
whelmed
by their courage and awed by youneR What sort of parents find themselves in this position-lik
i!he crm.mi!mcnt :hey’~e :?2:;G:r, . do it? How do the kids fare, %1aq Frkdi, who say8. ‘,Winen I ltrr
The image of curling up on the snfa with heard about home schoolen I though
my amiable and quick-witkd daughter Thefactsaboutagrowingtrend. they were crazy. I thought, ‘Not me
to read about the ancient Egyp I’m a noimal pekon. I live in
tians
, or trottingoff to the plane- the suburbs, my husband wear
tariu
m to puzzle over the origi a suit to work, I’m even from I
of the universe. is a very temp family of teachen.’ Bot whe~
ing
one. But then I remem Nathan was four and I lookcd a
how difficult it is just to coach the local kindergarten, I felt rpa
her as she practices the cello. (I sad. I wanted to send my SQI
tend to say irritable things like . sdmeplace where he could gi.1,
“For heaven’s sake, would you afeatherand some peanut shrll:
stop making that scrunching on his painting and thi:!
sout@”
) l wonder. too, about wouldn’t get all upset–a placc
the bpsilkle loneliness (hen) where they acdpt the fact tha’
ahd
the dedication (mine) .different peoplehave diffeieni
Most of all I’m curious. Why ideas about how somethint
do parents choose to teach their should be done.”. .
own children? How do they do After checking out the pubiic,
it? What aboul friends for the parochial :and private schools
kids and jobs for the parcrds? around’ Evanston, Illinois—
What happens in high schooi which is known for good
and college? Is it legal? And schools–Mary decided to keep
wha(, jf qnything
, can we learn Nathan, an early reader, R!
from them? Have they discov- home for kindergarten. it
ercd
the secret of motivating wasn’t that she couldn’t find a
kids? Of making learning fun? class that would challenge him
I decided to investigate .academically.’ She wanted jusl
>> the opposite–a school offering

Why They Do It
The home schoolers I’ve rnet
in recent months were not at all
the kind of people I’d envi-

Evidence Cruncher

Ii t’s nine o’clock in the morningtime
for school—so why is Sue
.McGartland sitting at her kitchen
table in the little town of Pontiac, Illinois,
reading Gone With the Wind to
Dawn, 12, and Nathan, 11?
Why is Melissa Brooks sitting
on the twenty-fourth
floor of a city high rise making
en Indian sled out of
twigs and rope with her 9-
year-old son, Brad? And
\vhy is Dorothy Werner on her way
to a museum with Josh, 16, Ethan,
12, and Timothy, 3, in tow?
The answer: They are all home
schoolers—some of the estimated
kindreds of thousands of parents
who’ve decided to teach their children
themselves. Their reasons are varied,
but they are united in one belief:
There’s a better way for children to
learn than in the big red bAck building
down the block.
As the mother of a 9-year-old daughter,
I find them fascinating. I am overwhelmed
by their courage and awed by
‘he ccTirTi’*,”‘ient they’vs Lici’tcksri.
The image of curling upon the s^fa with
my amiable and quick-witted daughter
to read about the ancient Egyptians,
or trotting off to the planetarium
to puzzle over the origin
of the universe, is a very tempting
one. But then I remember
how difficult it is just to coach
her as she practices the celio. (I
tend to say irritable things like,
“For heaven’s saVe, would you
stop making that scrunching
sound?”/,! wonder, too, about
the ppsiible loneliness (hers)
arid the dedication (mine).
Most of all I’m curious. Why
do parents choose to teach their
own children? How do they do
it? What about friends for the
kids and jobs for the paienis?
What happens in high school
and college? Is it legal? And
what, jf anything, can we learn
from them? Have they discovered
the secret of motivating
kids? Of making learning fun?
I decided to investigate.

Why They Do H
The home schoolers I’ve met
in recent months were not at all
the kind of people I’d envi-

4. Poor quality #2 -- original


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home schooler. “Show me the kid who >Ja.va ..
><'C'mon> let’s do fractions!’ ”
So how do home schoolers handle the >1-hate->rea’ding (or
> science) syndrome? One mother makes a contract
. with her daughter each week regarding math. The child can +..decide when to do the work as long as it’s done by the
$7 enAd noof tthheer wsetreakte. gy is to tie academi=subject. 10 real-ire
age calculationl, map reading and the like.

‘ needs. Math, for example, becomes intensely inte~sfing
a; when related to allowances. batting averages. mipes, mile-

, Home schoolers are also quick to use whatever the.,wm-.
:, munity
offers, whether it’s a circus, a factory tour orb sdi
‘ . ence
fair. It’s an idea we .an all employ. If kids pronou,& ‘ ‘ . . history “boring,” parents can go to the library for &.novel:
” that brings it to life. “Then’s no better way to get k&ls inter- ested in the Civil War than with Gone Wlth rht Wind.?! days
Sue McGartland. ‘ < ., ... : Clearly, home schoolen place an extraordinary degrte of
; trust in children’s ability-and desi-o learn what they
, need to know. Dorothy Werner, a teacher of therapism, 8
. therapist henclf and the head of a Chicago homc.schod net; 2 work (Home-Oriented Unique Schooling Experience or
‘”‘ HOUSE), believes schools reflect the attitude that children
‘ don’t want to learn. “But if you watch for any length of
time.” says the educator of three of her five kids. “you’ll see : that children are born learning machines. You just have to
wait until they’rt ,interested.’;
. In her own case, this meant waiting until Ethan was 8 be-.
, fore he learned to read and another son. Erik, was 12 before
he knew the multiplication tables. “Everyone was horri-
, fied
.” she recalls. But in the meantime Erik became a com- –
puter whiz and Ethan was so good at rocketry that local park
officials sought his help teaching a class. And when Josh took
: the California Achievement Test at the age of 13, he scored
12.9 (equivalent to what isexpected ofa high school senior) in
I I out of 14 subjects. His lowest score, in spelling, was 11.5-
three years above his grade level.
When 1 hear what home schoolers do with their kids and
compare it with the education my daughter is getting, I feel a
deep yearning. But when 1 think about actually assuming the
day-by-day responsibility for her academic progress, I feel
wary. How do home schoolers develop their curricula?
Where do they get their materials?

Evidence Cruncher

fS’W‘We all had a lot of fun that year,” she says, her voice
*yVarm with pleasure. “Chuck grew much more interested in
r« the boys. We were becoming the kind of family I’d always
^ dreamed of— everyone really caring about each other
‘} Instead of living in separate compartments.” The next year
^the Friedls did it again.
Today, five years and scores of science projects, thousands
of books and countless museum trips later, Mary no
* longer types up a formal lesson plan. “I listen to what Nathan
;f and Adam want to do,” she says, “because their ideas are
just as good as mine— if I follow them they’re far more
‘ interested,”
– 5 I”*0 v e a r s aS° l^e Frig’s constructed the boys’ curricufium
around the Little House on the Prairie series. After each
^”chapter the kids were full of questions, so the family went off
$Yo the library in pursuit of the answers. In the process, they
Reamed about: U.S.-Indian policy, bartering (which led them
OQ study the use of currency), what pioneers ate (which led to
?'(he subject of nutrition) and a hundred other bits of history,
^bbtany, social studies, ethics and folklore. ;;,!– j”. < *. v \ "w5 Letting the child's interests lead you is the home school parents' credo. "But sometimes the child leads you to the television set or comic books," says Melissa Brooks, film i producer and home schooler. "Show me the kid who says, j . *Cmon, let’s do fractions!* ”
So how do home schoolers handle the I-hate-reading (or
spelling or science) syndrome? One mother makes a contract
with her daughter each week regarding math. The child can
decide when to do the work as long as it’s done by the
end of the week.

Another strategy is to tie academic subjects to real-life
needs. Math, for example, becomes intensely interesting
when related to allowances, batting averages, recipes, mileage
calculations, map reading and the tike.
Home schoolers are also quick to use whatever the community
offers, whether it’s a circus, a factory tour or % science
fair. It’s an idea we can all employ. If kids pronounce
history “boring,” parents can go to the library for a novel
that brings it to life. “There’s no better way to get kids Inter*
ested
in the Civil War than with Gone With the Wind*1 says
Sue McGartland.
Clearly, home schoolers place an extraordinary degree of
trust in children’s ability – desire – learn what they
need to know. Dorothy Werner, a teacher of therapists, a
therapist herself and the head of a Chicago home-school net:
work (Home-Oriented Unique Schooling Experience or
HOUSE), believes schools reflect the attitude that children
don’t want to learn. “But if you watch for any length of
time,” says the educator of three of herfive kids, “you’ll see
that children are born learning machines. You just have to
wait until they’re interested.”
In her own case, this meant waiting until Ethan was 8 before
he learned to read and another son, Erik, was 12 before
he knew the multiplication tables. “Everyone was horrified,”
she recalls. But In the meantime Erik became a computer
whiz and Ethan was so good at rocketry that local park
officials sought his help teaching a class. And when Josh took
the California Achievement Test at the age of 13, he scored
12.9 (equivalent to what is expected of a high school senior) in
11 out of 14 subjects. His lowest score, in spelling, was 11.5—
three years above his grade level.
When I hear what home schoolers do with their kids and
compare it with the education my daughter is getting, 1 feel a
deep yearning. But when I think about actually assuming the
day-by-day responsibility for her academic progress, I feel
wary. How do home schoolers develop their curricula? Where do they get their materials?

5. Good quality #1 -- original


Acrobat

strategy focused on cost savings initiatives, are themes impacting Health Care Services
future planning. The cost savings initiatives will focus on:

Physician
Outpatient
Anesthesiology
Emergency room
>– missing line —
Radiology
>Pharma~
Other ancillary services

The goals >esmbl~sh~ to >r~e~t su~ss in ~ include;

>R~u¢ing radiology and lab cost
Increasing average pharmacy >e..~:~aym~t
— missing line —
Detraining ~ b~d
days / 1,000

>– missing line —
— missing line —
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), >Isch~n~¢ h~an disease, and H2
antagonists.

Evidence Cruncher

strategy focused on cost savings initiatives, are themes impacting Health Care Services
future planning. The cost savings initiatives will focus on:

Physician
Outpatient
Anesthesiology
Emergency room
Lab
Radiology
Pharmacy
Other ancillary services

The goals established to reflect success in contracting include;

Reducing radiology and lab cost
Increasing average pharmacy copayment
Decreasing hospital outpatient cost
Decreasing commercial bed days / 1,000

The savings generated by these initiatives will enable UHC to control medical trend. Cost
savings are also expected from the implementation of three disease management programs on
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Ischemic heart disease, and H2
antagonists.

PDF Conversion

Standardize native format documents and e-discovery in PDF format

Although MasterFile’s unique “document centric” repository was specifically designed and built for native, PDF or image document review, it was also designed to store documents in both native and PDF format simultaneously, as seen in the portion of a document profile below which shows a Word document stored with its PDF version.

This design objective was driven not just by the necessity and value of having both native and PDF versions of documents available for document review and production during litigation, but also by MasterFile’s fundamental purpose: to let litigators, researchers, students and investigators set out their case. A key element of that is being able to extract key information from evidence to substantiate argument which prove the facts of each issue.

To ensure extracts could be culled from any type of document simply and consistently, MasterFile standardizes all documents to PDF format. To create these PDFs, the Evidence Cruncher OCRs images of paper documents that have been scanned and generates converting them in to searchable PDF. Native documents such as Word, Excel, Outlook or Lotus Notes or .EML file formats are converted directly to PDF. Over 100 native document formats are supported.

While the Evidence Cruncher is designed for batch conversions of documents, MasterFile’s integrated PDF printer driver is more suited for ad-hoc conversion of webpages, documents, etc. It saves to the MasterFile Watch Folder directory from which the Watch Folder Monitor loads automatically into MasterFile.

Regardless how you load PDFs into MasterFile, or even if you simply drag and drop a PDF into a blank document profile, the PDF’s text is extracted and paginated using sophisticated text extraction technology that even normalizes columnar text into a continuous text stream for easy reading as shown below. The extraction serves another specific purpose: it lets you easily flag critical information in MasterFile’s exclusive Extract Repository.

Near-duplicate support

Finally. affordable near-duplicate document and threaded e-mail review for small practices

MasterFile makes near-duplicate processing affordable for small and solo practices. Near-duplicate documents and e-mail threads are organized within MasterFile using analysis results produced by Equivio. Near-duplicate processing is a key component of MasterFile’s Load ‘n Go E-Discovery Platform and puts your smaller practice on an equal footing with larger or international firms.

Research shows that 30-50% of documents are duplicates or near-duplicates. Detecting and grouping these in MasterFile using Equivio’s near duplicate technology generates immediate, concrete time savings.

Exporting documents and loading the results file from Equivio takes just a few mouse clicks. Two unique MasterFile views create the easiest to use near-duplicate review tool available.

Near-duplicate and de-duplicate processing explained

De-duplication identifies electronic documents that are exact duplicates of each other. Content is not analyzed, but instead files are compared byte for byte. Near-duplicate processing, like Equivio’s, moves beyond traditional de-duplication techniques to solve the following three much more complex problems:

  • Identifying documents that have identical content but are in different formats. For example a document created in Word, converted to PDF, finally faxed, scanned and OCRed as an image.
  • Identifying near-duplicate documents, that is documents which have similar but not identical content, such as documents that have been revised or have several draft versions.
  • Reconstructing e-mail conversation threads from e-mail history, found at the bottom of e-mails, to reduce the amount of e-mails to be read and reviewed.

To streamline review, the documents are analysed to cluster duplicate and near-duplicate documents into groups, flagging one document as the “pivot” document (circled in red) against which the remaining similar documents in the cluster are compared and rated for similarity. Staff simply review the pivot document of each cluster and if it is found relevant, they can then review the near-duplicates of the pivot. This avoids reading the near-duplicates of irrelevant documents and saves significant time.

When people reply to an e-mail, they usually leave the original message intact as history at the end of the e-mail. Equivio’s e-mail threading analyses this history to reconstruct the different threads of an e-mail conversation tree. For each branch, the leaf node (circled in red), which includes the history of all the preceding e-mails in that branch, is identified and flagged as the “inclusive” e-mail. Consequently, it is sufficient to review just the inclusives and thus drastically reduce the number of e-mails and repetitive history that needs to be read or examined.

Near-duplicate processing is not performed within MasterFile. Instead you simply:

  • Export the documents from MasterFile.
  • Load the Equivio results file back into the original MasterFile database the documents came from. Once the Equivio results file has been loaded into MasterFile, two special views organize the documents into sets of near-duplicates or e-mail threads.

MasterFile near-duplicate tools -- Near-duplicate review that’s efficient and easy

MasterFile provides two special views that automatically organize near-duplicate document clusters and e-mail threads into groups for instant access.

The “Everything as documents” view organizes groups of near-duplicate documents together. The pivot document is the first document listed in the group, exact duplicates appear next, followed by near-duplicates in decreasing similarity. This view does not group e-mail attachments with the e-mails they were attached to, but instead treats them as regular documents and groups them with other documents that may be duplicate or near-duplicates of the attachment.

The screen shot below shows 7 groups of near-duplicate documents (Equivio’s EquiSets). The section for Equivio EquiSet D0000027 has been expanded to show its “Pivot” document, one duplicate document and 3 near duplicates that are also all equivalent themselves, as indicated by the common “Duplicate Subset” value of 27. As explained above, for documents the “Pivot” document should be used as the baseline file to which other documents in the EquiSet are compared and assessed for equality and similarity.

The “Attachments with e-mails” view is the same as the “Everything as documents” view but groups attachments with the e-mails they belong to. In the screen shot below, the e-mail flagged as “inclusive” has its two attachments listed immediately below it.

Documents flagged with the “Zzz” (sleeping document) icon have been flagged using the “Exclude/Un-exclude” button. This unique MasterFile feature hides these documents from all other views that they would have appeared in to reduce clutter.

Within a document profile, under the “Near Duplicates” section, an “embedded-view” shows the near-duplicates of the document, as shown below. The view is live so you’re able to select any entry and double click to open the document.

The Compare Tool, shown below, shows you the differences between documents. The differences will be displayed in your web browser as shown below. You can use the “Previous” and “Next” buttons to move to through the differences.

Document production

For us, the Evidence Cruncher truly shines in the document production process. — John J. Mueller

Document production in MasterFile introduces a unique, new level of flexibility and ease of use as well as providing the small and solo practitioner with affordable, sophisticated production tools that work simply and easily.

You can produce in both image, PDF and native formats to meet the growing requirements of native document production well as avoid any initial conversion into TIFF format.

A simple, three step process separates the selection of documents to be produced from their actual production. This means these tasks can proceed independently and incrementally, with counsel collaborating as necessary.

Step 1. Accumulation

Accumulating the documents to produce

Production starts by you and/or your team accumulating the documents to be produced in a special MasterFile database called a briefcase. It takes one-click to get started. And you can work on many different production requests, from the same or other matters, simultaneously.

Document review, selection and accumulation does not have to be completed at one sitting but can be completed as time is available or as documents are found. So you can add, review or remove documents from the production briefcase at anytime — even if you’re on the road and disconnected from the office network.

Synchronization keeps everyone collaborating on the production up to date, automatically.

You’re automatically alerted if you try to add documents flagged as privileged or if the document has already been added to the briefcase for production, helping to prevent mistakes. MasterFile does not assign document/Bates numbers when documents are added to the briefcase, but only when production actually starts. This means “gaps” in Bates number sequences are impossible so you don’t have to deal with such complexities that plague other systems.

Step 2. Production

Format conversion, bates/document number assignment

Once the documents to be produced have been accumulated in a briefcase, all or some of the documents in the briefcase can be “produced” in native or PDF format.

Native production is built-in to MasterFile while PDF format production requires the optional Evidence Cruncher module. That also controls stamping exhibit and Bates numbers, dates and watermarks, etc. as needed, on each of the document’s pages. It’s all managed simply from one screen.

Native briefcases retain the native format documents without alteration.

PDF briefcases can be produced as PDF or as “TIF image in PDF”. A “TIF image in PDF” production rasterizes document pages . This process also burns any redactions or other PDF markup into the TIF image. You can also redact with Acrobat Pro and MasterFile will use the redacted version for production.

PDF briefcases are assigned and stamped both document and Bates numbers, while native format briefcases are assigned just a document number. These are recorded in the document’s production history. You can track a matter’s production sets and their documents from the production history view of the source MasterFile database. That eliminates tedious manual organization typically required such as making multiple copies of the original documents in new folders specifically for each production, which is error prone.

Source documents (native or PDF) always remain unaltered in the source MasterFile database.

When all documents in the briefcase have been produced, you can either lock it to prevent further additions, or leave it open if the disclosure set is incomplete and more documents are still to be added.

Production in both native and PDF format is easy too: simply create two briefcases, one native and one PDF. Once the selection is determined, adding it to the other briefcase takes one click. MasterFile will track the history of all produced documents, even if produced several times in either or both formats.

Step 3. Distribution

Generating physical copies of the produced documents

Once a briefcase has been produced and locked, it becomes a permanent archive of the disclosed documents, complete with document or Bates page numbers and stamped information, for subsequent reproduction in whole or in part, as shown below

The briefcase’s contents can be provided to other parties either as a MasterFile briefcase itself, printed to paper or provided electronically on USB/CD/DVD. Documents in native format briefcases are dumped in native format. Documents in PDF format briefcases can be disseminated as individual PDF or TIF files, or merged into one or more PDF files with bookmarks to each document.

How it works

Integration with MasterFile’s document repository results in smooth effortless operation whether you need to process one document or thousands …

Because the Evidence Cruncher is integrated right into MasterFile, OCRing image documents or converting native format documents to PDF format is a simple process.

1. First select the documents to process

2. Activate the Evidence Cruncher and select a service from the menu

3. Set any processing options needed and click "OK" to start processing

4. Review the results

After completion, a PDF document created by the Evidence Cruncher is stored in MasterFile with its native, source document as shown below.

The PDF text is extracted and paginated logically using a sophisticated algorithm so that columnar text presented in a normalized, continuous reading order, which also makes it easy for you to mark and manage critical information with MasterFile’s Extract Repository.